Concerns About Body Image? Light(en) Up!


In fashion-crazy South Korea, so many young women refuse to trade their high heels for flip-flops at [Haeundae] beach that green Astroturf runways are installed so they won’t wobble and fall…

…[Kim Na-young, a 23-year-old fashionista in skyscraper spiked heels] “They’re a little uncomfortable,” she said. “But they make you look taller in your swimsuit.”

(Los Angeles Times, 14/08/2011)

Like most overseas news about Korea, that’s surely an exaggeration: I jog along nearby Gwangalli Beach several times a week, but rarely see any women wearing high-heels on the sand itself, let alone while in a swimsuit. But I guess at least Kim Na-young does, and I’m curious as to how she came to believe that she had to dress – and presumably diet – like a model 24/7 in order to be attractive.

“It’s all diet advertisements’ fault!” I’m sure you expect to me to say, and indeed I do think they play a huge role. But let’s not forget HyunA’s latest MV not all of them are created equal, with Post’s latest ones for Light up (라이트업) cereal being especially egregious. For not only do they promote the idea that being tall and ultra-skinny is the only attractive body shape for women, but also that having one is absolutely necessary for one’s career:

Most of that is self-explanatory, but let me add the dialogue for completeness’s sake (note that it’s normal to address someone by their position in Korean workplaces):

(Average) Kim Sa-rang: 과장님, 오늘 회의 몇  시 예요? Department head, what time is the meeting today?

(Presumably slim) Woman in background: 안녕하세요 과장님! Hello Department head!

Department head: 하…. Haaa…

(Average) Kim Sa-rang: 과장님? Department head?

Department head: 몰라! 하… (Dismissively) I don’t know! Haaa….

Voiceover: 방심했었다면, light up! 통쌀로 칼로리는…Light 다이어트는 up! If you’ve been inattentive about your body, light up! Made with unpeeled rice, light up has few calories…light diet up!

Department head: 하…뭘 드셨길래? Light up? Light up? Haaa…what did you eat? Light up? Light up?

(New slim) Kim Sa-rang: 자신감 up! Confidence up!

To play Devil’s advocate, being attractive is always going to help one’s career, but that’s just about the only defense that can be made of this ad. In particular, note the women it (and others in the series) present as unattractive:


In the ad in the top left and bottom right, supposedly the unnamed model is much too fat to consider wearing a bikini, as is the woman in the background in the bottom left. And as for Kim Sa-rang, the entire ad concept relies on her being unattractive at the top right, but transformed after eating the cereal into what you see in the bottom-left, despite the inconvenient fact that she (presumably) had exactly the same body in both shots.

Other problems with the ad include the confusing insertion of a fox’s tail on the Department head (as far as I know, foxes have a female image in Korean culture), and how he’s portrayed as such a, well, complete dickhead. This is further stressed in a slightly longer version of the ad:

Department head (from where the original version ends):

여성여러분 다이어트는 뭘까요? Women, what’s a diet?

남친이 영화를 볼때 옆구리 살을 확 잡을때… When you’re watching a movie with your boyfriend and he grabs your waist…

하지마 너 하지마임마! 하지말라구! Don’t, you idiot! I said don’t! [James – in cutesy slang]

짜증나시죠? 릴랙스하세요… It’s annoying worrying about it, right? Please relax…

Light Up! 자신있게 권해 드립니다! I strongly recommend you Light up!

On a final note though, I should mention that of course is it not only the Korean media that promotes the notion that only tall and skinny is attractive. Indeed, in fact the very first thing the ad reminded me of was a New Zealand Listener review of the forgettable 1996 movie The Truth About Cats and Dogs, which pointed out that only in Hollywood would Janeane Garofalo ever be considered homely and unattractive (and which the whole movie was based on).


For the (more predictable) second thing the ad reminded me of, please see here!


12 thoughts on “Concerns About Body Image? Light(en) Up!

  1. The funny thing is, I tried them (I could lose a few pounds myself, despite not being their target audience) thinking they might be a healthy alternative to the usual Korean breakfast cereal. Well, I was wrong, just as most western foods in Korea (bread etc) it tasted extremely sugary especially for a ‘diet’ cereal (I’ve noticed wheat flakes and even special K are much more sugary here too). Sure the whole grains could help (especially in their target audience’s diet) but a better diet cereal would be the sugar free cornflakes.


  2. Hi, long time reader and admirer of your blog! I unfortunately don’t have much of content to add to this post, except that your note about The Truth About Cats & Dogs especially caught my attention and reminded me that I first saw that movie when I was a fairly young girl (under ten for sure). Upon my first viewing approximately 50% of the movie flew over my head (for example, I had literally no idea what tequila was), but one thing that confused me so much as a kid was that Jeanne Garofalo’s character was supposed to be ugly; to me, she was far, far cuter and prettier than Uma Thurman! I was perpetually baffled throughout the movie why the man hadn’t fallen for Garofalo and her personality from the start, as Thurman’s character just annoyed me. Sadly, I saw the movie again when I was much older, and realized that I could now understand how Thurman would HAVE to be “the more attractive” of the two ladies, and found myself identifying with Garofalo’s plight of feeling homely in the face of Amazonian women. Oh!, society, how you slowly warp us….

    On a note more related to your blog, I agree that the high heels on the beach article is probably exaggerated, I never saw that at Gwangalli or Haeundae, either.


    1. Thanks for your comment. I saw the movie when it first came out on NZ TV, perhaps in ’97 or ’98, so I can’t remember enough to add much myself sorry. But I do recall not finding Uma Thurman’s character particularly appealing, and so, not identifying with Garofalo’s plight, found myself more frustrated with her (and the movie) than anything else.

      As for the highheels, I just got back from another jog at Gwangalli when I read it, and noticed a grand total of 3 pairs of heels, and none of the wearers on the sand itself, but on the promenade/sidewalk. I’m sure there’s many I missed of course, but then I did see literally thousands of people – annoying to jog through, but also part of the attraction of jogging there.


  3. In the image with four stills: Isn’t the top left image the [smaller] head of someone else (the main actress? I’m not familiar with her) pasted onto a [somewhat disproportionately large] body? It’s still an image that I would think would be the “after” bikini body, but it does make the body look … awkward.


  4. I think the casting of Garofalo as the “ugly” girl must have had a lot more to do with her early typecasting as aggressive and cynical (with a stage voice to match) than with her physical appearance itself.

    You know, trying to remember that movie, it seems to me that Uma Thurman was really miscast, because what would would really set off Garofalo would be less the amazon than the cutesy, weak Drew Barrymore/Renee Zelweger type. (What was that movie where Cameron Diaz was really ditzy, with a homely, academic-type older sister? Only saw part of that, which was enough.)


  5. In the States, Special K commercials and print ads touted a ‘research study’ showing that people who ate two bowls of the cereal daily lost weight, so my trusting mother did just that; not surprisingly, she didn’t lose a pound after loading up on refined, easily digestible carbs.

    I recall reading that line about Janeane Garofalo in a US magazine, too.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s